Facial Allergy

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Facial Rashes

Facial rashes can take on many forms. Whether red, flat, bumpy and dry, or scaly, flaky and itchy, the appearance of a rash on the face can be very distressing. Even more challenging is figuring out what is causing the rash - possibly an allergy to one of the countless products, ingredients and chemicals people are exposed to every day. From shampoos, cosmetics and fragrances to metals such as nickel, gold and cobalt, facial allergic contact dermatitis will continue until the source is known and no longer touching or being applied to the skin. Fortunately, dermatologists have the tools to identify the allergen and can help patients navigate their way to clear skin.

Common symptoms of facial allergic contact dermatitis
The most common forms of facial allergic contact dermatitis include:

Eyelid dermatitis
•Redness, scaly skin or itching appears on the upper or lower eyelids, or both
•Fragrance is a common cause from direct contact with shampoo, conditioner or makeup
•Nickel is one of the most common causes from direct contact with eyelash curlers or tweezers
•Can also occur from direct application of a product such as eye creams or eye make-up
•Indirect application occurs from an allergen transmitted via the hands, such as nickel that attaches to a person's hands from door handles or keys that can end up on the eye area if a person rubs their eyes
•Indirect contact with fragrance can occur when fragrance oils remain on towels or pillows, or fingers and hands

Lip dermatitis
•Scaly skin or itchiness occurs directly on the lips or around the lip area
•Nickel, preservatives and fragrance are the two most common causes and can occur from direct or indirect application of a product
•Direct application includes lipstick, lip gloss, toothpaste, mouthwash, sunscreen or metal-containing products, such as a dental tools or jewellery
•Similar to eyelid dermatitis, indirect application can occur from an allergen transmitted via the hands

Run-off pattern
•This is an allergic reaction related to products used on the scalp, such as shampoo, hair dye, conditioner, detangled, perm solution, which are rinsed off the scalp and run down the face causing a reaction on other parts of the body
•A rash can occur on the upper forehead, ears, the sides of the face and neck, and occasionally the chest

 

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